I thought it maybe best to breakdown what diabetes is.
Blame can’t be given to a diabetic for being fat/obese, eating too much sugar it just happens. Trust me I know
There are 5 types, people only know of 3 types due to 2 being rare.
Type 1 (what I have)
Type 1 diabetes is often referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes. It is also
sometimes known as juvenile diabetes or early-onset diabetes because it
often develops before the age of 40, usually during the teenage years.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, where your immune system (the body’s natural defence against infection and illness) mistakes the cells in your
pancreas as harmful and attacks them.
Type 1’s require insulin injections for the rest of their lives & can have them via different methods.
via mixed insulin, MDI (multiple daily injections) or insulin pump
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s
cells do not react to it. This is known as insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the body doesn’t produce any insulin at all. In the UK, about 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
In some cases of type 2 diabetes, it may be possible to control your symptoms by altering your lifestyle, such as eating a healthy diet.
However, as type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, you may eventually need medication to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. To start with this will usually take the form of tablets, but later on it may include injected therapies, such as insulin.
Gestational diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercise. However, some
women with gestational diabetes will need medication to control blood glucose
In most cases, gestational diabetes develops in the third trimester (after 28
weeks) and usually disappears after the baby is born. However, women who develop gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life
Type 1.5 (also known as LADA)
LADA is more typical of the immune markers common to type 1 diabetes, yet in its early stages does not require insulin. LADA patients share features common to both type 1 and type 2 diabetics.
The treatment of LADA needs to focus on controlling hyperglycaemia and preventing the onset of any complications.
It is important to preserve beta cell function amongst LADA patients for as long as possible. Insulin can be used to treat LADA, as can metformin and thiazolidinediones.
Type 2.5 (also known as MODY)
MODY is caused by a mutation (or change) in a single gene. If a parent has this
gene mutation, any child they have, has a 50% chance of inheriting it from them.
If a child does inherit the mutation, they will generally go on to develop MODY
before they’re 25, whatever their weight, lifestyle, ethnic group etc.
What are the features of MODY?
The key features are:
- Being diagnosed with diabetes under the age of 25.
- Having a parent with diabetes, with diabetes in two or more generations.
- Not necessarily needing insulin.
The main symptoms of diabetes that are common to type 1 and type 2 are:
- feeling very thirsty
- urinating frequently, particularly at night
- feeling very tired
- weight loss and loss of muscle bulk (in type 1 diabetes)
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can develop quickly, over weeks or even days.
Other symptoms include:
- itchiness around the vagina or penis, or regular bouts of thrush (a yeast infection)
- blurred vision that is caused by the lens of your eye changing shape
- skin infections
Vomiting or heavy, deep breathing can also occur at a later stage. This is a dangerous sign and requires immediate admission to hospital for treatment.